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V-Groove Casters

V-groove caster wheels are specialized wheel components used in various industries and applications to facilitate smooth and controlled movement. These casters derive their name from the distinctive V-shaped groove that runs along the circumference of their wheels. This unique design serves a specific purpose: to guide the caster along an iron track or rail, ensuring precise and stable motion.

V-groove caster wheels are commonly employed in scenarios where linear movement is essential, such as on conveyor systems, industrial carts, and machinery that require accurate alignment. The V-groove shape enables them to ride securely on V-shaped tracks casters or rails, minimizing the risk of derailing or swaying during operation. This makes them ideal for heavy-duty loads and applications where stability and reliability are paramount.

Furthermore, grooved caster wheels are available in various materials, sizes, and load capacities, allowing them to cater to diverse industrial needs. Whether in manufacturing, warehousing, or material handling, these specialized casters play a vital role in streamlining processes and ensuring efficient, controlled movement.

V-groove caster swivel sections are hot forged from C-1045 steel. The wheels are highly adaptable and can operate on angle iron tracks casters or on normal floor surfaces. A relief groove at the base of the “V” equalizes the load to each face of the angle track. In addition, all v groove wheel faces and “V” grooves are machined concentric to the bore for proper tracking. The wheel bearings are either straight roller bearings or precision tapered roller bearings.

One consideration to keep in mind: When pairing a caster and a iron track, you want to make sure that the hardness of one is more than the other. This helps to minimize the wear of one of the two components. Generally, the wheel is the component that takes the brunt of wear, as it is easier and cheaper to change out wheels than iron tracks.

v groove casters


V-groove wheels are constructed of premium G-3000 gray iron castings or hot forged C-1030 steel. The 90 degree grooves are accurately machined into the face of the wheels. A relief groove at the base of the “V” directs the load to each face of the angle track when in use.

V-groove wheels can be used on a track, flat surface or both without fear of damage.

Exceptionally strong and ideal for heavy loads, the V-groove wheels are able to be machined out for keyway or various bore sizes.

Wheel material codes: Cast iron (15); heavy-duty cast iron (16); forged steel (25); heavy-duty forged steel (26).


V-groove wheels are used for exceptionally heavy loads where precise alignment or indexing or equipment is necessary. These casters are capable of guiding industrial ovens, paint booths and other similar equipment.

Custom CAD


Caster Concepts has a wide variety of caster options. Many of these not only improve function – but also provide safety and add longevity to the product. When considering safety options, the most common consideration would be caster locks, caster brakes, toe guards, and reinforced legs. Options that extend the life of a caster are primarily options that seal the bearing of the caster to prevent contamination of the precision parts.

Other options include threaded zerks for when an application is difficult and high level of maintenance is required and track brush wipers that keep debris from stopping movement or damaging a wheel. These options can be added at the time of manufacturing or after the caster is fully assembled.